Mutated SARS virus has the potential to cause an even worse epidermic than 2003. Study the DNA and prevent it from striking a super-carrier that will explode

Last Modified: 24 Sep 2012 21:06
UN health agency issues a global alert over a new virus similar to the one that claimed 800 lives in 2003.
Global health officials are closely monitoring a new respiratory virus related to Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) that has left a Qatari citizen in critical condition in a hospital in London.
The UN’s World Health Organisation (WHO) put out a global alert on Sunday saying a new virus had infected the 49-year-old man who had recently travelled to Saudi Arabia – where another man was killed by an almost identical virus.
Britain’s Health Protection Agency (HPA) and respiratory disease experts said there was no immediate cause for concern, although authorities were watching out for any signs of the virus spreading.
The virus, known as a coronavirus, comes from the same family as both the common cold and SARS, the syndrome that killed 800 people in a 2003 epidemic.

The WHO said it was not recommending any travel restrictions at the moment but would seek further information on the virus.
Unknown threat
Health officials said they did not know yet whether the virus could spread as rapidly as SARS did, or if it would be as lethal.
“It’s still [in the] very early days,” said Gregory Hartl, a WHO spokesman. “At the moment, we have two sporadic cases and there are still a lot of holes to be filled in.”
Coronaviruses are typically spread in the air, but Hartl said scientists were considering the option that the patients were infected directly by animals as there was no evidence yet of any human-to-human transmission.
No other countries have so far reported any similar cases to WHO, he said, and so far there is no connection between the two cases except for a history of travel in Saudi Arabia.

Andrew Easton, a virologist at Britain’s University of Warwick, told the Reuters news agency that with only two cases so far, it was difficult for experts to estimate the potential threat.
“The important thing is to be aware of the virus and to be on the lookout for any evidence that it is more than a rare chance event,” he said.

Hugh Pennington, a professor of bacteriology at the University of Aberdeen, told Al Jazeera that medicine had also advanced since the SARS outbreak, and that technology would allow faster diagnosis.

“The lessons we’ve learned from SARS have been extremely useful,” he said. “We now have techniques which mean you can do a very rapid fingerprinting of the RNA in somebody’s lungs if they’ve got a very unusual pneumonia.”
Intensive care
The HPA and WHO said in statements that the Qatari national became ill on September 3, after previously having travelled to Saudi Arabia.
He was transferred from Qatar to Britain on September 11 and is undergoing treatment in an intensive care unit at a London hospital for complications, including kidney failure.
The HPA said it had conducted lab testing on the Qatari’s case and found a 99.5 per cent match to the virus that killed the 60-year-old Saudi national earlier this year.
David Heymann, chairman of the HPA, said the new virus did not appear that similar to SARS.
“It isn’t as lethal as SARS and we don’t know too much about its transmissibility yet,” he said. “If people are getting infected, they aren’t getting serious symptoms.”
He added that none of the health workers involved in treating the Qatari patient had fallen ill.
Saudi officials said they were concerned that the upcoming Hajj pilgrimage next month, which brings millions of people to Saudi Arabia from all over the world, could provide more opportunities for the virus to spread.

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“These laboratories have been working on the development of diagnostic reagents and protocols which can be provided to laboratories that are not in a position to develop their own, and these are now available,” it said.
But it stressed only patients who fulfilled strict criteria – including having severed respiratory syndrome, requiring hospitalization, having been in Qatar or Saudi Arabia or in contact with a suspected or confirmed case, and having already been tested for pneumonia.
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I know there isn’t any DNA samples of the virus at the moment but steps must be taken to extract DNA samples from the last victim. Only by studying the DNA can we determine the environment the virus strives so as to identify the “super-carrier” that will cause the epidermic to explode. By then isolating the “super-carrier”, the risks then can be properly controlled.
There is no danger the virus could hit other regions, if it is confirmed the virus comes from bats, then there is a danger of the virus spreading freely in the environment, steps must be taken to identify the source of the virus, and the entire community of bats need to be neutralised, or to prevent people from visiting their habitats.
– Contributed by Oogle.

Minimum wage not the solution to wealth gap? Then what is? Charity or Welfare?


“Running a company is like a computer program where you monitor your cash flow ins and outs with these factors. To solve minimum wage, you need to add the factors of to the equation, where the increase of wage is compensated by productivity or automation where the output justify the increase of minimum wage. Education or retraining is another form of productivity. Therefore will there be a loss due to minimum wage? The answer is No. Because you are moving from a labour intensive worker to a more productive worker where output is concerned.”

– Contributed by Oogle.

Posted on Sep 20, 2012 9:29 PM Updated: Sep 21, 2012 6:24 PM
By Derrick Ho
The jury may still be out on minimum wage here, but a bipartisan panel agreed on Tuesday that having one wouldn’t solve the inequality problem.
The panel consisted of Minister of State for Community Development, Youth and Sports Halimah Yacob, former president of the Society of Financial Service Professionals Leong Sze Hian and opposition politician Nicole Seah.
All three agreed that having a minimum wage would actually bring its own set of issues.
“If we were to impose the minimum wage, then what’s going to happen? Are business owners willing to stay put?” asked opposition politician Nicole Seah.
Instead, they proposed having more non-wage measures to increase the purchasing power of lower income families.
Madam Halimah said that while there were some benefits to setting a minimum wage, achieving consensus among various parties such as unions, the government and workers as to what that wage should be can be a very tedious and time consuming process.
“By the time they agree, the wages have moved,” she said.

“Let’s not get boxed into the idea that minimum wage is only way to address inequality.”
One way to do it was by carefully calibrating foreign labour policy, said Mr Leong. He said that the presence of cheap foreign labour had depressed wages at low end here.
Minimum wage was by far the dominant topic in the two-hour session on Tuesday but there were also several among the 100-strong audience which spoke about the defence budget, the reserves and social spending.

All three panellists spoke about the need to increase social spending in coming years.
Mr Leong said more such spending was required to help mitigate rising costs in areas like healthcare.
“We cannot focus solely on increasing wages, we also must look at the work conditions,” he said.
He also suggested that there was already probably sufficient funds from Singapore’s investment income from its reserves or Net Investment Returns (NIR) and that there was no need to tap on the reserves.
“I do think there are a lot of areas we can trim (in the military) – even catering for the soldiers,” Ms Seah said.
Madam Halimah agreed that higher social spending was inevitable but also reminded the audience that the Government already spends a lot on housing, education and healthcare to provide a basic safety net for Singaporeans.

One notable moment came towards the end of the session when film-maker Martyn See asked a question that seem to strike a nerve.
He said: “I want to ask Madam Halimah, hand on heart… when you see an 80-year-old… elderly Singaporean cleaning the streets, selling you tissue paper, tell me how you feel? Do you want to see more of that, do you want to see less of that or do you want to eradicate that?”
Madam Halimah appeared emotional in her response as she recounted the plight of families she had met during house visits.
“There are those who said ‘I want to work, because I want to be independent, I want to have that sense of self-worth.’ I don’t want to be in a position to rob them of that.” she said.
“So let’s allow them to make the decision.”
The forum was organised by ONE (Singapore), a local non-profit organisation dedicated to eradicating poverty, and Singapore Management University’s Wee Kim Wee Centre.